In the Palestinian territories, water is a precious natural resource and its relative scarcity is a major constraint to economic development. This applies throughout the region, which is generally characterised by aridity and water scarcity. With the majority of the region’s water resources being shared by more than one country, the allocation and management of transboundary water resources assumes great importance. Global climate change may further magnify the pressure on the water system in the Occupied Palestinian Territories through increased temperatures and evaporation rates and lower and more erratic rainfall.

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